Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt

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Standard

Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt. / Lilien, David A.; Joughin, Ian; Smith, Benjamin; Shean, David E.

I: Cryosphere, Bind 12, Nr. 4, 19.04.2018, s. 1415-1431.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Lilien, DA, Joughin, I, Smith, B & Shean, DE 2018, 'Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt', Cryosphere, bind 12, nr. 4, s. 1415-1431. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1415-2018

APA

Lilien, D. A., Joughin, I., Smith, B., & Shean, D. E. (2018). Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt. Cryosphere, 12(4), 1415-1431. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1415-2018

Vancouver

Lilien DA, Joughin I, Smith B, Shean DE. Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt. Cryosphere. 2018 apr 19;12(4):1415-1431. https://doi.org/10.5194/tc-12-1415-2018

Author

Lilien, David A. ; Joughin, Ian ; Smith, Benjamin ; Shean, David E. / Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt. I: Cryosphere. 2018 ; Bind 12, Nr. 4. s. 1415-1431.

Bibtex

@article{913b0525faeb4df4baa75ce6021c963d,
title = "Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt",
abstract = "Crosson and Dotson ice shelves are two of the most rapidly changing outlets in West Antarctica, displaying both significant thinning and grounding-line retreat in recent decades. We used remotely sensed measurements of velocity and ice geometry to investigate the processes controlling their changes in speed and grounding-line position over the past 20 years. We combined these observations with inverse modeling of the viscosity of the ice shelves to understand how weakening of the shelves affected this speedup. These ice shelves have lost mass continuously since the 1990s, and we find that this loss results from increasing melt beneath both shelves and the increasing speed of Crosson. High melt rates persisted over the period covered by our observations (1996-2014), with the highest rates beneath areas that ungrounded during this time. Grounding-line flux exceeded basin-wide accumulation by about a factor of 2 throughout the study period, consistent with earlier studies, resulting in significant loss of grounded as well as floating ice. The near doubling of Crosson's speed in some areas during this time is likely the result of weakening of its margins and retreat of its grounding line. This speedup contrasts with Dotson, which has maintained its speed despite increasingly high melt rates near its grounding line, likely a result of the sustained competency of the shelf. Our results indicate that changes to melt rates began before 1996 and suggest that observed increases in melt in the 2000s compounded an ongoing retreat of this system. Advection of a channel along Dotson, as well as the grounding-line position of Kohler Glacier, suggests that Dotson experienced a change in flow around the 1970s, which may be the initial cause of its continuing retreat.",
author = "Lilien, {David A.} and Ian Joughin and Benjamin Smith and Shean, {David E.}",
year = "2018",
month = apr,
day = "19",
doi = "10.5194/tc-12-1415-2018",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
pages = "1415--1431",
journal = "The Cryosphere",
issn = "1994-0416",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes in flow of Crosson and Dotson ice shelves, West Antarctica, in response to elevated melt

AU - Lilien, David A.

AU - Joughin, Ian

AU - Smith, Benjamin

AU - Shean, David E.

PY - 2018/4/19

Y1 - 2018/4/19

N2 - Crosson and Dotson ice shelves are two of the most rapidly changing outlets in West Antarctica, displaying both significant thinning and grounding-line retreat in recent decades. We used remotely sensed measurements of velocity and ice geometry to investigate the processes controlling their changes in speed and grounding-line position over the past 20 years. We combined these observations with inverse modeling of the viscosity of the ice shelves to understand how weakening of the shelves affected this speedup. These ice shelves have lost mass continuously since the 1990s, and we find that this loss results from increasing melt beneath both shelves and the increasing speed of Crosson. High melt rates persisted over the period covered by our observations (1996-2014), with the highest rates beneath areas that ungrounded during this time. Grounding-line flux exceeded basin-wide accumulation by about a factor of 2 throughout the study period, consistent with earlier studies, resulting in significant loss of grounded as well as floating ice. The near doubling of Crosson's speed in some areas during this time is likely the result of weakening of its margins and retreat of its grounding line. This speedup contrasts with Dotson, which has maintained its speed despite increasingly high melt rates near its grounding line, likely a result of the sustained competency of the shelf. Our results indicate that changes to melt rates began before 1996 and suggest that observed increases in melt in the 2000s compounded an ongoing retreat of this system. Advection of a channel along Dotson, as well as the grounding-line position of Kohler Glacier, suggests that Dotson experienced a change in flow around the 1970s, which may be the initial cause of its continuing retreat.

AB - Crosson and Dotson ice shelves are two of the most rapidly changing outlets in West Antarctica, displaying both significant thinning and grounding-line retreat in recent decades. We used remotely sensed measurements of velocity and ice geometry to investigate the processes controlling their changes in speed and grounding-line position over the past 20 years. We combined these observations with inverse modeling of the viscosity of the ice shelves to understand how weakening of the shelves affected this speedup. These ice shelves have lost mass continuously since the 1990s, and we find that this loss results from increasing melt beneath both shelves and the increasing speed of Crosson. High melt rates persisted over the period covered by our observations (1996-2014), with the highest rates beneath areas that ungrounded during this time. Grounding-line flux exceeded basin-wide accumulation by about a factor of 2 throughout the study period, consistent with earlier studies, resulting in significant loss of grounded as well as floating ice. The near doubling of Crosson's speed in some areas during this time is likely the result of weakening of its margins and retreat of its grounding line. This speedup contrasts with Dotson, which has maintained its speed despite increasingly high melt rates near its grounding line, likely a result of the sustained competency of the shelf. Our results indicate that changes to melt rates began before 1996 and suggest that observed increases in melt in the 2000s compounded an ongoing retreat of this system. Advection of a channel along Dotson, as well as the grounding-line position of Kohler Glacier, suggests that Dotson experienced a change in flow around the 1970s, which may be the initial cause of its continuing retreat.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045673790&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/tc-12-1415-2018

DO - 10.5194/tc-12-1415-2018

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85045673790

VL - 12

SP - 1415

EP - 1431

JO - The Cryosphere

JF - The Cryosphere

SN - 1994-0416

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 229316099