Evidence against star-forming galaxies as the dominant source of IceCube neutrinos

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

The cumulative emission resulting from hadronic cosmic-ray interactions in star-forming galaxies (SFGs) has been proposed as the dominant contribution to the astrophysical neutrino flux at TeV to PeV energies reported by IceCube. The same particle interactions also inevitably create gamma-ray emission that could be detectable as a component of the extragalactic gamma-ray background (EGB), which is now measured with the Fermi-LAT in the energy range from 0.1 to 820 GeV. New studies of the blazar flux distribution at gamma-ray energies above 50 GeV place an upper bound on the residual non-blazar component of the EGB. We show that these results are in strong tension with models that consider SFGs as the dominant source of the diffuse neutrino backgrounds. A characteristic spectral index for parent cosmic rays in starburst galaxies of Γ_SB ~ 2.3 for dN/dE ~ E^(−Γ_SB) is consistent with the observed scaling relation between gamma-ray and IR luminosity for SFGs, the bounds from the non-blazar EGB, and the observed gamma-ray spectra of individual starbursts, but underpredicts the IceCube data by approximately an order of magnitude.
TidsskriftAstrophysical Journal
Udgave nummer1
StatusUdgivet - 10 feb. 2017
Eksternt udgivetJa

ID: 187044627