Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions. / Suominen, H. J.; Danon, J.; Kjaergaard, M.; Flensberg, K.; Shabani, J.; Palmstrøm, C. J.; Nichele, F.; Marcus, C. M.

In: Physical Review B, Vol. 95, 035307, 18.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Suominen, HJ, Danon, J, Kjaergaard, M, Flensberg, K, Shabani, J, Palmstrøm, CJ, Nichele, F & Marcus, CM 2017, 'Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions', Physical Review B, vol. 95, 035307. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.035307

APA

Suominen, H. J., Danon, J., Kjaergaard, M., Flensberg, K., Shabani, J., Palmstrøm, C. J., Nichele, F., & Marcus, C. M. (2017). Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions. Physical Review B, 95, [035307]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.035307

Vancouver

Suominen HJ, Danon J, Kjaergaard M, Flensberg K, Shabani J, Palmstrøm CJ et al. Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions. Physical Review B. 2017 Jan 18;95. 035307. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.95.035307

Author

Suominen, H. J. ; Danon, J. ; Kjaergaard, M. ; Flensberg, K. ; Shabani, J. ; Palmstrøm, C. J. ; Nichele, F. ; Marcus, C. M. / Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions. In: Physical Review B. 2017 ; Vol. 95.

Bibtex

@article{74dcfeb6249a4d7985f086207fc22fa0,
title = "Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions",
abstract = "We investigate patterns of critical current as a function of perpendicular and in-plane magnetic fields in superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor (SNS) junctions based on InAs/InGaAs heterostructures with an epitaxial Al layer. This material system is of interest due to its exceptionally good superconductor-semiconductor coupling, as well as large spin-orbit interaction and g-factor in the semiconductor. Thin epitaxial Al allows the application of large in-plane field without destroying superconductivity. For fields perpendicular to the junction, flux focusing results in aperiodic node spacings in the pattern of critical currents known as Fraunhofer patterns by analogy to the related interference effect in optics. Adding an in-plane field yields two further anomalies in the pattern. First, higher order nodes are systematically strengthened, indicating current flow along the edges of the device, as a result of confinement of Andreev states driven by an induced flux dipole; second, asymmetries in the interference appear that depend on the field direction and magnitude. A model is presented, showing good agreement with experiment, elucidating the roles of flux focusing, Zeeman and spin-orbit coupling, and disorder in producing these effects.",
keywords = "cond-mat.mes-hall, cond-mat.supr-con",
author = "Suominen, {H. J.} and J. Danon and M. Kjaergaard and K. Flensberg and J. Shabani and Palmstr{\o}m, {C. J.} and F. Nichele and Marcus, {C. M.}",
note = "[Qdev]",
year = "2017",
month = jan,
day = "18",
doi = "10.1103/PhysRevB.95.035307",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
journal = "Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)",
issn = "2469-9950",
publisher = "American Physical Society",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions

AU - Suominen, H. J.

AU - Danon, J.

AU - Kjaergaard, M.

AU - Flensberg, K.

AU - Shabani, J.

AU - Palmstrøm, C. J.

AU - Nichele, F.

AU - Marcus, C. M.

N1 - [Qdev]

PY - 2017/1/18

Y1 - 2017/1/18

N2 - We investigate patterns of critical current as a function of perpendicular and in-plane magnetic fields in superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor (SNS) junctions based on InAs/InGaAs heterostructures with an epitaxial Al layer. This material system is of interest due to its exceptionally good superconductor-semiconductor coupling, as well as large spin-orbit interaction and g-factor in the semiconductor. Thin epitaxial Al allows the application of large in-plane field without destroying superconductivity. For fields perpendicular to the junction, flux focusing results in aperiodic node spacings in the pattern of critical currents known as Fraunhofer patterns by analogy to the related interference effect in optics. Adding an in-plane field yields two further anomalies in the pattern. First, higher order nodes are systematically strengthened, indicating current flow along the edges of the device, as a result of confinement of Andreev states driven by an induced flux dipole; second, asymmetries in the interference appear that depend on the field direction and magnitude. A model is presented, showing good agreement with experiment, elucidating the roles of flux focusing, Zeeman and spin-orbit coupling, and disorder in producing these effects.

AB - We investigate patterns of critical current as a function of perpendicular and in-plane magnetic fields in superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor (SNS) junctions based on InAs/InGaAs heterostructures with an epitaxial Al layer. This material system is of interest due to its exceptionally good superconductor-semiconductor coupling, as well as large spin-orbit interaction and g-factor in the semiconductor. Thin epitaxial Al allows the application of large in-plane field without destroying superconductivity. For fields perpendicular to the junction, flux focusing results in aperiodic node spacings in the pattern of critical currents known as Fraunhofer patterns by analogy to the related interference effect in optics. Adding an in-plane field yields two further anomalies in the pattern. First, higher order nodes are systematically strengthened, indicating current flow along the edges of the device, as a result of confinement of Andreev states driven by an induced flux dipole; second, asymmetries in the interference appear that depend on the field direction and magnitude. A model is presented, showing good agreement with experiment, elucidating the roles of flux focusing, Zeeman and spin-orbit coupling, and disorder in producing these effects.

KW - cond-mat.mes-hall

KW - cond-mat.supr-con

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.035307

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.035307

M3 - Journal article

VL - 95

JO - Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)

JF - Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)

SN - 2469-9950

M1 - 035307

ER -

ID: 184615984