The feasibility of high-temperature aquifer thermal energy storage in Denmark: the Gassum Formation in the Stenlille structure

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review


  • Lisa Pasquinelli
  • Marita Felder
  • Mats Lundh Gulbrandsen
  • Thomas Mejer Hansen
  • Jun-Seo Jeon
  • Nicolaas Molenaar
  • Mosegaard, Klaus
  • Ida Lykke Fabricius

Heat storage in the Danish subsurface is gaining increasing interest for optimizing the use of energy resources, but no deep heat storage facilities have yet been established. As an analogue we study the Gassum Formation in the Stenlille structure that is presently used for gas storage. This allows us to discuss geological and technical characteristics of an aquifer relevant for heat storage in Denmark. We develop a 3D model for a high-temperature aquifer thermal energy storage system using analysis of geological core data, sedimentological description, geophysical data including well logs and seismic lines, as well as a finite difference model to calculate the recovery efficiency, heat storage capacity and thermal breakthrough time. Based on geostatistical methods we made three realisations and found similar results for the three cases. In accordance with results from published simplified models we found a high recovery efficiency of 70% after 4 years and 69% after 20 years, a high heat storage capacity of 1.8x10(18) J, and a long thermal breakthrough time of 66-77 years. These results reflect the excellent reservoir properties of the Gassum Formation in Stenlille, characterised by a uniformly layered sand/shale sedimentology, a high average porosity of 25% and a high permeability of 1000 to 10 000 mD of sandstone intervals.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark
Pages (from-to)133-154
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2020

    Research areas

  • HT-ATES, sedimentary rocks, rock properties modelling, geostatistics, recovery efficiency, storage capacity, thermal breakthrough time, RECOVERY EFFICIENCY, HEAT-FLOW, CONDUCTIVITY, PERMEABILITY, POROSITY, BASIN, GROUNDWATER, SANDSTONES, LOG

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