Eugene Simon Polzik

Eugene Simon Polzik



Eugene S. Polzik
phone: +45-2338-2045, e-mail:

Academic positions

  • Professor of Physics, The Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen University      2003 –
  • Head of the Quantum Optics and Atomic Physics Division, Niels Bohr Institute 2012-2021
  • Villum Investigator 2019
  • Founder and Scientific Leader, QUANTOP – Center for Quantum Optics 2001 – 
  • Moore Distinguished Scholar, California Institute of Technology  2010 – 2011
  • Distinguished Invited Professor, Institute for Photonic Sciences, Barcelona 2003 -
  • Guest Professor, Institute Henri Poincare, Paris  2006                    
  • Professor of Physics, University of Aarhus  1994 – 2002
  • Visiting Faculty, California Institute of Technology 1996-1997
  • Associate Scientist, California Institute of Technology  1990 - 1995
  • Assoc./Assist. Professor of Physics, Mining Institute, Leningrad 1980 - 1988


  • Ph.D. in Physics, Leningrad (St. Petersburg )University   1980
  • M.Sc. in Physics, Diploma with Honors, Leningrad (St. Petersburg) University   1976

Research interests and highlights

  • Quantum Optics, Atomic Physics, Quantum Information Technologies including applications to biomedical sensing
  • Entanglement of an oscillator with atomic spins  – Nature Physics 2021; >40 citations
  • Motion measured beyond the Heisenberg uncertainty – Nature 2017; >150 citations
  • Coherent optical probing of 1D atomic lattice – PRL 2016; >120 citations
  • Squeezed state of an oscillator – Nature Phys. 2015; >100 citations
  • Nonclassical atomic 1D optical lattice – PRL 2014; >80 citations
  • Opto-nanomechanical detector for radio waves – Nature 2014; >450 citations
  • Quantum teleportation between distant atoms – Nature Phys. 2013; >170 citations
  • Quantum interface between light and atoms – RMP 2011; >1300 citations
  • Cooling of a semiconductor nano-oscillator with light – Nature Phys. 2011> 100 citations
  • Entanglement generated by dissipation – PRL 2011; >600 citations
  • Magnetism measured beyond the Heisenberg uncertainty – PRL 2010; >400 citations
  • Atomic clocks with precision improved by entanglement – PNAS 2009; >400 citations
  • Quantum teleportation between light and matter – Nature 2006: >600 citations
  • Quantum memory for light – Nature 2004; >1000 citations
  • Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen entangled state of matter – Nature 2001; >1400 citations
  • Macroscopic non-classical atomic state created by light – PRL 1999; >600 citations
  • Unconditional quantum teleportation  – Science 1998; >3500 citations


  • More than 170 papers in refereed journals including 16 papers in Nature and Science journals. Citattions > 22000, H-index 62

Selected Honors and Awards

  • 2021 – recognized by Physics World for having laid the foundations for the Breakthrough of the year
  • 2020 – Herbert Walther Award of German Physical Society and Optical Society of America
  • 2019 – Villum Investigator Grant award
  • 2018 – Knight of the Order of Dannebrog (Ridder af Dannebrog)
  • 2018 – European Research Council Advanced Grant award
  • 2014 – Danish Academic Association (Magisterforening) Research Prize in Natural Sciences
  • 2013 – selected as the Danish Research Result of the Year by Ingeniøren magazine
  • 2011 – European Research Council Advanced Grant award
  • 2010 – Gordon Moore Distinguished Scholar Award
  • Fellow of the American Physical Society, Fellow of the Optical Society of America, Fellow of the Institute of Physics , UK
  • Member of the Royal Danish Academy of Science and Letters
  • 2010 – research listed among top ten newsmakers of the decade
    by American Physical Society
  • 2007 – Scientific American Research Leadership Award
  • 1998 – Danish Physical Society Prize.

Plenary and invited talks

More than 150 in total, including recently: Gordon Conferences 2015, 2016, 2018, 2020, 2022; European Quantum Technology Conference 2021, German Physical Society 2020, 2022, American Physical Society DAMOP meeting 2016, American Physical Society March Meeting 2017, International Conference on Quantum Communication and Measurement 2018.

Conferences organized

  • Principal organizer of “Quantum Limits of Knowledge” conference, Copenhagen 2019
  • Principal organizer of 100 Years of Bohr’s Atom. International Conference, Copenhagen 2013.
  • Member of program committees for numerous conferences including ICSSUR 2015, QICP 2015, QCMC 2012, EQEC 2011 and many others.

Selected international professional services

  • Member of the European High Level Steering Committee for the EU Flagship on Quantum Technologies, Danish representative at the European Quantum Technology network
  • Member, Advisory Board for Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, Germany
  • Member, Advisory Board for US Quantum Technology program
  • Member of the Evaluation Board for Spanish Centers of Excellence, Member of the Evaluation Committee for the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science, Member of the International Advisory Boards for Australian Center for Quantum Atom Optics, Austrian Academy of Sciences

Recent major external grants:

NovoNordisk Foundation “Quantum for Life” – 2.0 MEuros, 2021 - 2027
Villum Investigator grant, Villum Foundation – 4.1 MEuros, 2019 - 2025
European Research Council Advanced Grant – 2.1 MEuros, 2018-2023
John Templeton Foundation, USA – 0.8 MEuros, 2017 – 2020
EUREKA – Innovation Fund Denmark – 0.5 MEuros, 2017 - 2020
Defense Advanced Research Project Agency, USA – 1.5 MEuros, 2010-2017
European Research Council Advanced Grant- 2.5 MEuros, 2010-2017
Danmarks Grundforskningsfonden –QUANTOP Center of Excellence – 17 MEuros, 2001-2013

Selected media coverage of research:

  • Fysiker flytter kvantegrænser.
  • Physics World 2014:

  • Scientific America 2014:

  • Physics World 2013:

  • Physics World 2013:

  • Personal Information happily married to T. Elizabeth Polzik, with children. US citizen. Permanent resident in Denmark

Papers in refereed journals

  • 173. High-frequency broadband laser phase noise cancellation using a delay line. M. Parniak,  I. Galinskiy, T. Zwettler, E. S.  Optics Express, 29, 5, 6935-6946 (2021).
    172. "Dissipative optomechanical coupling with a membrane outside of an optical cavity". A. K. Tagantsev and E. S. Polzik. PRA 103, 063503 (2021)
    171. Room-temperature single-photon source with near-millisecond built-in memory. K. Dideriksen, R. Schmieg, M. V. Zugenmaier, and E. S. Polzik. Nature Comm., 12, 3699 (2021)
    170. Calibration of Spin-Light Coupling by Coherently Induced Faraday Rotation. Rodrigo A. Thomas, Christoffer Østfeldt, Christian Baerentsen, Michal Parniak and Eugene S. Polzik. Optics Express, 29, 23637 (2021).
    169. Cavity-enhanced sum-frequency generation of blue light with near-unity conversion efficiency
    H. Kerdoncuff, J. B Christensen, T. B Brasil, V. A Novikov, E. S Polzik, J. Hald, M. Lassen. Optics Express. 2020 Feb 3;28(3):3975-3984. doi: 10.1364/OE.385826
    168. Entanglement between Distant Macroscopic Mechanical and Spin Systems. R. A. Thomas, M. Parniak, C. Østfeldt, C. B. Møller, C. Bærentsen, Y. Tsaturyan, A. Schliesser, J. Appel, E. Zeuthen, and E. S. Polzik. Nature Physics 17, 228–233(2021). See also News and Views
    167. Measurement and simulation of atomic motion in nanoscale optical trapping potentials. S. B. Markussen, J. Appel, C. Østfeldt, J. B. S. Béguin,  E. S. Polzik, J. H. Müller. Appl. Phys. B (2020)126, 73.
  • 166. Phonon counting thermometry of an ultracoherent membrane resonator near its motional ground state I. Galinskiy, Y. Tsaturyan, M. Parniak, and E. S. Polzik. Optica, 7(6), 718 (2020).
    165. Magnetic resonance imaging with optical preamplification and detection. A. Simonsen, J. D. Sánchez-Heredia, S. A. Saarinen, J. H. Ardenkjær-Larsen, A. Schliesser and E. S. Polzik. Scientific Reports (2019) 9:18173.

    164. Detection of low-conductivity objects using eddy current measurements with an optical magnetometer. K. Jensen, M. Zugenmaier, J. Arnbak, H. Stærkind, M. V. Balabas, and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. Research 1, 033087 (2019)

    163. Gravitational wave detection beyond the standard quantum limit using a negative-mass spin system and virtual rigidity. Zeuthen, Emil; Polzik, Eugene S.; Khalili, Farid Ya. Phys. Rev. D, 100, 062004 (2019).

    162. Sensitive optomechanical transduction of electric and magnetic signals to the optical domain. A. Simonsen, S.A. Saarinen, J.D. Sanchez, J.H. Ardenkjaer-Larsen, A. Schliesser and E.S. Polzik. Optics Express, 27, 18561-18578 (2019).

    161. Magnetocardiography on an isolated animal heart with a room-temperature optically pumped magnetometer.K. Jensen, M. A. Skarsfeldt, H. Stærkind, Jens Arnbak, M. V. Balabas, S.P. Olesen, B. H. Bentzen and E. S. Polzik. Scientific Reports 8, 16218 (2018).

    160. Long-lived non-classical correlations towards quantum communication at room temperature. M. V. Zugenmaier, K. Dideriksen, A.S. Sørensen, B. Albrecht, and E.S. Polzik. Communications Physics, Vol. 1, 76 (2018).

    159. Unconditional steady-state entanglement in macroscopic hybrid systems by coherent noise cancellation. X. Huang, E. Zeuthen, D. V. Vasilyev, Q. He, K. Hammerer and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 103602 (2018)

    158. Dissipative versus dispersive coupling in quantum optomechanics: Squeezing ability and stability

    A. K. Tagantsev, I. V. Sokolov, and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. A 97, 063820 (2018)

    157. Carrier-mediated optomechanical forces in semiconductor nanomembranes with coupled quantum wells. A. Barg, L. Midolo, G. Kirsanske, P. Tighineanu, T. Pregnolato, A. Imamoglu, P. Lodahl, A. Schliesser, S. Stobbe, and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. B, 98, 155316 (2018).

    156. Overcoming the Standard Quantum Limit in Gravitational Wave Detectors Using Spin Systems with a Negative Effective Mass. F. Ya. Khalili and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 031101 (2018).

    155. Observation of quantum spin noise in a 1D light-atoms quantum interface. J.-B. Béguin, J. H. Müller, J. Appel, and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. X 8, 031010 (2018).

    154. Multimode mechanical system in the quantum regime. W.H.P. Nielsen, Y. Tsaturyan, C. Møller, E.S. Polzik, A. Schliesser. PNAS, 114, 62-66 (2017).

    153. Dipole force free optical control and cooling of nanofiber trapped atoms. Ostfeldt, CBeguin, JBSPedersen, FT,  Polzik, ES; Muller, JH Appel, J. Optics Lett.42, 21, 4315-4318 (2017)

    152. Quantum back action evading measurement of motion in a negative mass reference frame. C. B. Møller, R. A. Thomas, G. Vasilakis, E. Zeuthen, Y. Tsaturyan, K. Jensen, A. Schliesser, K. Hammerer, and E. S. Polzik. Nature, 547, 191 (2017).

    151. Multimode mechanical system in the quantum regime. W.H.P. Nielsen, Y. Tsaturyan, C. Møller, E.S. Polzik, A. Schliesser. PNAS, 114, 62-66 (2017).

    150. Ultra-coherent nanomechanical resonators via soft clamping and dissipation dilution. Y. Tsaturyan, A. Barg, E. S. Polzik, A. Schliesser. Nature Nanotechnology12, 776-783 (2017).

    149. Non-invasive detection of animal nerve impulses with an atomic magnetometer operating near quantum limited sensitivity. K. Jensen, R. Budvytyte, R. Thomas, T. Wang, A. Fuchs, M. Balabas, G. Vasilakis, L. Mosgaard, T. R. Heimburg, S.-P. Olesen, and E. S. Polzik. Nature Scientific Reports 6, 29638 (2016).

    148. Coherent backscattering of light off one-dimensional atomic strings. H. L. Sorensen, J.-B. Beguin, K. W. Kluge, I. Iakoupov, A. S. Sorensen, J. H. Muller, E. S. Polzik,_ and J. Appel. Phys. Rev. Lett. 117, 133604 (2016).

    147. Entanglement and spin-squeezing in a network of distant optical lattice clocks. E. S. Polzik and J. Ye. PRA Rapid Comm. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.93.021404 (2016).

    146. Scalable photonic network architecture based on motional averaging in room temperature gas. J. Borregaard, M. Zugenmaier, J. M. Petersen, H. Shen, G. Vasilakis, K. Jensen, E. S. Polzik, and A. S. Sorensen. Nature Comm. 7, 11356 (2016).

    145. Trajectories without quantum uncertainties. E.S. Polzik and K.Hammerer.  Annalen der Physik. 527, No. 1–2, A15–A20 (2015).

    144. A dynamic operation of a PIN photodiode. S. Okhonin, M. Gureev, D. Sallin, J. Appel, A. Koukab, A. Kvasov, M. Pastre, E. S. Polzik, A. K. Tagantsev, F. Uddegard and M. Kayal. Appl. Phys. Lett. 106, 031115 (2015)

  • 143. Generation of a squeezed state of an oscillator by stroboscopic back-action-evading measurement. G. Vasilakis, H. Shen, K. Jensen, M. Balabas, D. Salart, B. Chen, and E. S. Polzik. Nature Physics, doi:10.1038/nphys3280 (2015)

  • 142. Generation and detection of a sub-poissonian atom number distribution in a one-dimensional optical lattice. J.-B. Béguin, E. M. Bookjans, S. L. Christensen, H. L. Sørensen, J. H. Müller, E. S. Polzik, and J. Appel. Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 263603 (2014).

    141. Demonstration of suppressed phonon tunneling losses in phononic bandgap shielded membrane resonators for high-Q optomechanics. Y. Tsaturyan, A. Barg, A. Simonsen, L. G. Villanueva, S. Schmid, A. Schliesser, and E. S. Polzik. Optics Express, Vol. 22, Issue 6, pp. 6810-6821 (2014)

  • 140. Heater self-calibration technique for shape prediction of fiber tapers. H. L. Sørensen, E. S. Polzik, and J. Appel. Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 32, No. 10, 15.05.2014

  • 139. Quantum interference of a single spin excitation with a macroscopic atomic ensemble. S. L. Christensen, J.-B. Beguin, E. Bookjans, H. L. Sorensen, J. H. Muller, J. Appel,_ and E. S. Polzik. doi/10.1103/PhysRevA.89.03380 (2014)

  • 138. Single-layer graphene on silicon nitride micromembrane resonators. S. Schmid, T. Bagci, E. Zeuthen, J. M. Taylor, P. K. Herring, M. C. Cassidy, C. M. Marcus, L. G. Villanueva, B. Amato, Anja Boisen, Yong Cheol Shin, Jing Kong, A. S. Sørensen, K. Usami, E. S. Polzik. Journal of Applied Physics, Vol.115, Issue 5, DOI: 10.1063/1.4862296

  • 137. Optical detection of radio waves through a nanomechanical transducer. T. Bagci, A. Simonsen, S. Schmid, L. G. Villanueva, E. Zeuthen, J. Appel, J. M. Taylor, A. Sørensen, K. Usami, A. Schliesser, and E. S. Polzik. Nature, 507, 81 (2014)

    136.Quantum Teleportation of Dynamics and Effective Interactions Between Remote Systems. C. A. Muschik, K. Hammerer, E. S. Polzik, and I. J. Cirac. Phys. Rev. Lett. 2013 Jul 12;111(2):020501

  • 135. Toward quantum state tomography of a single polariton state of an atomic ensemble . Christensen, S. L.; Beguin, J. B.; Sorensen, H. L.; et al. New J. of Physics  Volume: 15     Article Number: 015002   Published: JAN 3 2013

    134. Deterministic quantum teleportation between distant atomic objects. H. Krauter, D. Salart, C. A. Muschik, J. M. Petersen, Heng Shen, T. Fernholz, and E. S. Polzik. Nature Phys., published online 2 June 2013. Cover page story.

    133. Exciton-mediated photothermal cooling in GaAs membranes. A. Xuereb, K. Usami, A. Naesby, E.S. Polzik, K. Hammerer. New J. Phys. 14 (2012) 085024.

    132. Breakdown of a classical description for a local system. E. Kot, N. Gronbech-Jensen, E.S. Polzik, A.S. Sorensen. Phys.Rev.Lett., 108, 233601 (2012).

    131. Quantum memory assisted probing of dynamical spin correlations. O. Romero-Isart, M. Rizzi, C. A. Muschik, E.S. Polzik. M. Lewenstein, A. Sanpera. Phys. Rev. Lett., 108, 065302 (2012)130. Robust entanglement generation by reservoir engineering. Christine A. Muschik, Hanna Krauter, Kasper Jensen, Jonas M Petersen, J Ignacio Cirac and Eugene S Polzik.. J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45 124021 (2012).

    129. Optoelectronic cooling of mechanical modes in a semiconductor nanomembrane. K.Usami, A.Naesby, T.Bagci, B.Melholt-Nielsen,  J.Liu, S.Stobbe, P.Lodahl, and E.S. Polzik. Nature Phys., 8, 168  (2012).

    128. Effect of light-assisted collisions on matter wave coherence in Bose-Einstein condensates.  N.S. Kampel, A. Griesmaier, M.P. Hornbak Steenstrup, F. Kaminski, E.S. Polzik, J.H. Muller. Phys.Rev.Lett., 108, 090401 (2012).

    127. High-Q optomechanical GaAs nanomembranes. J. Liu, K. Usami, A.Naesby, T. Bagci, E.S. Polzik, P. Lodahl. Appl. Phys. Lett., 99, 243102 (2011).

    126. Heralded amplification for precision measurements with spin ensembles. N. Brunner, E. S. Polzik, C. Simon. Phys. Rev. A Rapid, 84, 041804 (2011).

    125. Quantum information at the interface of light with atomic ensembles and micromechanical oscillators. C. A. Muschik, H. Krauter, K. Hammerer, and E. S. Polzik. Special issue on QIPC with neutral particles.

    124. Laser cooling and optical detection of excitations in an LC electrical circuit.  J.M. Taylor, A. Sorensen, C.M. Marcus, and E.S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. Lett. 107,  273601 (2011).

    123. Dissipatively driven entanglement of two macroscopic atomic ensembles. C.A. Muschik, E.S. Polzik, J.I. Cirac, Phys. Rev. A 83, 052312 (2011).

    122. Fock-state view of weak-value measurements and implementation with photons and atomic ensembles. C. Simon and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. A Rapid Comm. 83, 040101R (2011).

    121. Entanglement generated by dissipation and steady state entanglement of two macroscopic objects. H. Krauter, C. Muschik, K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, J. M. Petersen, J. I. Cirac, and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 080503 (2011).

    120. Quantum memory, entanglement and sensing with room temperature atoms.  K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, J. M. Petersen, J. J. Renema, M. V. Balabas, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, C. A. Muschik, J. I. Cirac, J. H. Müller and E S Polzik. 22nd ICAP Proceeding.  J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 264, 012022 (2011)

    119. Directly estimating non-classicality. A. Mari, K. Kieling, B. Melholt Nielsen, E.S. Polzik, J. Eisert. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 010403 (2011)

    118. Hybrid long-distance entanglement distribution protocol. J. B. Brask, I. Rigas, E. S. Polzik, U. L. Andersen, and A. S. Sørensen. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 160501 (2010).

    117. Quantum memory for entangled continuous variable states. K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, T. Fernholz, B. M. Nielsen, M. Owari, M. B. Plenio,  A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf, and E. S. Polzik. Nature Physics 7 (1), pp.13-16 (2011) Published online November 7, 2010.

    116. Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles. K. Hammerer, A. Sørensen, and E.S. Polzik. Reviews of Modern Physics. 82, 1041–1093 (2010).

    115. Quantum volume hologram. D.V. Vasilyev, I.V. Sokolov, and E.S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. A , 81, 020302 (2010).

    114. High quality anti-relaxation coating material for alkali atom vapor cells. M.V.Balabas, K. Jensen, W. Wasilewski, H. Krauter, L.S.Madsen, J.H.Muller, T.Fernholz, and E.S. Polzik. Optics Express, 18, 5825 (2010).

    113. Entanglement-assisted atomic clock beyond the projection noise limit. A. Louchet-Chauvet, J. Appel, J.J. Renema, D. Oblak, N. Kjaergaard, and E.S. Polzik. New J. Phys. 12 065032 (2010). Highlighted by Scientific American and Nature in Nature News (March 31, 2010).

    112. Quantum noise limited and entanglement-assisted magnetometry. W. Wasilewski, K. Jensen, H. Krauter, J. Renema, M. Balabas, and E.S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. Lett., 104, 133601 (2010).

    111. Ultra low-noise differential ac-coupled photodetector for sensitive pulse detection applications. P.J. Windpassinger, M. Kubasik, M. Koschorreck, A. Boisen, N. Kjaergaard, E.S.Polzik. Measurement and Science Technology, 20, 055301 (2009).

    110. Polarization-based light-atom quantum interface with an all-optical trap. M. Kubasik, M. Koschorrek, M. Napolitano, S.R. de Echaniz, H. Crepaz, J. Eschner, E.S. Polzik, M.W. Mitchell. Phys. Rev. A, 79, 043815 (2009).

    109. Quantum polarization spectroscopy of correlations in attractive fermionic gases. T. Roscilde, M. Rodriguez, K. Eckert, O.Romero-Isart, M. Lewenstein, E.S. Polzik, A. Sanpera. New Journal of Physics, 11, 055041 (2009).

    108. Quantum memory for images with feedback, Vasilyev DV, Sokolov IV, Polzik E.S., Optics and Spectroscopy, 106, 875-880  (2009).

    107. Squeezing of atomic quantum projection noise. Windpassinger PJ, Oblak D, Hoff UB, et al.
    J. of Modern Optics , 56 , Special Issue: Sp. Iss. SI, 1993-1998, (2009)

    106. Time gating of heralded single photons for atomic memories. Nielsen BM, Neergaard-Nielsen JS, Polzik E.S., Optics Letters, 34, 3872-3874  (2009). Editors’s Choice Highlight,  Science, 327, p. 251, January 21, 2010.

    105. Generation of two-mode squeezed and entangled light in a single temporal and spatial mode. W. Wasilewski, T. Fernholz, K. Jensen, L.S. Madsen, H. Krauter, C. Muschik, and E.S. Polzik. Optics Express 17, 14444-14457 (2009).

    104. Cavity-assisted squeezing of a mechanical oscillator.  K. Jahne, C. Genes, K. Hammerer, M. Wallquist, E.S. Polzik, P. Zoller. Phys. Rev. A 79, 063819 (2009).

    103. Mesoscopic atomic entanglement for precision measurements beyond the standard quantum limit. J. Appel, P. Windpassinger, D. Oblak, U. Hoff, N. Kjærgaard, and E.S. Polzik. PNAS – Proceedings of the National Academy of Science(2009)106:10960-10965

    102. Spin squeezing of atomic ensembles by multi-colour quantum nondemolition measurements. M. Saffman, D. Oblak, J. Appel, and E.S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. A79, 023831 (2009).

    101. Establishing Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen channels between nanomechanics and atomic ensembles. K. Hammerer, M. Aspelmeyer, E.S. Polzik, P. Zoller.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 020501 (2009).

    100. Rayleigh superradiance and synamic Bragg gratings in an end-pumped Bose-Einstein condensate. A. Hilliard, F. Kaminski, R. le Targat, C. Olausson, E.S. Polzik, J.H. Müller. Phys. Rev. A Rapid Communication, 78, 051403 (2008).

    99. Quantum Memory and Teleportation Using Macroscopic Gas Samples. J. Sherson, H. Krauter, R. K. Olsson, B. Julsgaard and E. S. Polzik. Invited Tutorial. J. Phys. B: At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 41 (2008) 223001.

    98. Echo spectroscopy of atomic dynamics in a Gaussian trap via phase imprints. D. Oblak, J. Appel, P.J. Windpassinger, U.B. Hoff, N. Kjærgaard and E.S. Polzik. Eur. Phys. J. D 50, 67-73 (2008). (Highlight paper by the Editors’ choice).

    97. Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles. H. Krauter, J. Sherson, K. Jensen, T. Fernholz, P. J. Windpassinger, Niels Kjærgaard, D. Oblak, J. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt-Nielsen, A. Hilliard, C. Olausson, J.H. Muller and E. S. Polzik. Laser Spectroscopy. Proceedings of the XVIII International Conference on ICOLS 2007. L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, M. Kasevich, Eds. World Scientific (2008)

    96. Inhomogeneous light shift effects on atomic quantum state evolution in non-destructive measurements. Patrick J Windpassinger, Daniel Oblak, Ulrich Busk Hoff, Jürgen Appel, Niels Kjærgaard and Eugene S Polzik, New J. Phys. 10 (2008) 053032

    95. Squeezing the limit: Quantum benchmarks for the teleportation and storage of squeezed states. M. Owari, M. B. Plenio, E. S. Polzik, A. Serafini, M. M. Wolf . New. J. Phys. 10, 113014 (2008). Selected as an NJP Best of 2008.

    94. The squeeze goes on. E.S. Polzik, Nature 453, 45 (2008).

    93. Quantum memory for images: A quantum hologram. Denis V. Vasilyev, Ivan V. Sokolov, and Eugene S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. A Rapid Comm. 77, 020302  (2008). (Nature, Research News Highlights March 2008)

    92. Spin squeezing of atoms via nucleus-electronic spin entanglement. T. Fernholz, H. Krauter, K. Jensen, J. Sherson, A. Sørensen, and E.S. Polzik. Phys.Rev.Lett. 101, 073601 (2008) ((Editor’s choice paper). Highlighted by the American Physical Society (

    91. Nondestructive probing of Rabi oscillations on the clock transition near the standard quantum limit. P. Windpassinger, D. Oblak, P.G. Petrov, M. Kubasik, M. Saffman, C. Garrido Alzar, J. Appel, J.H. Muller, N. Kjaergaard, and E.S. Polzik., Phys.Rev.Lett. 100, 103601 (2008).

    90. Quantum non-demolition detection of strongly correlated systems. K. Eckert, O. Romero-Isart, M. Rodriguez, M. Lewenstein, E.S. Polzik, and A. Sanpera. Nature Physics, vol. 4, 50, Jan. 1, 2008.

    89. High purity bright single photon source. J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, H. Takahashi, A. I. Vistnes, and E. S. Polzik. Optics Express, 15, 7940-7949 (2007).

    88. Spectral theory of quantum memory and entanglement via Raman scattering of light by an atomic ensemble. O.S. Mishina,  D.V. Kupriyanov,  J.H. Müller,  E.S. Polzik. Phys.Rev. A. 75, 042326 (2007).

    87. Quantum polarization spectroscopy of ultracold spinor gases. K. Eckert, L. Zawitkowski, A. Sanpera, M. Lewenstein, and E.S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 100404 (2007).

    86. Nondestructive interferometric characterization of an optical dipole trap. P. G. Petrov,  D. Oblak,  C. L. Garrido Alzar,  N. Kjaergaard,  and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. A 75, 033803 (2007)

    85. High-fidelity teleportation between light and atoms. K. Hammerer, E. S. Polzik and I. Cirac,  Phys.Rev. A74, 064301 (2006).

    84. Quantum teleportation between light and matter. J. F. Sherson, H. Krauter, R. K. Olsson, B. Julsgaard, K. Hammerer, I. Cirac,  and E. S. Polzik, Nature 443, 557 (2006).  Nature 443, News and Views. Selected as a cover title of the issue. Selected by Scientific American and Discover Magazine among top science stories of the year 2006.

    83. Generation of a superposition of odd photon number states for quantum information networks. J. S. Neergaard-Nielsen, B. Melholt Nielsen, C. Hettich, K. Mølmer, and E. S. Polzik.  Phys. Rev. Lett.  97, 083604 (2006)

    83. Efficient quantum memory and entanglement between light and an atomic ensemble using magnetic fields. C.A. Muschik, K. Hammerer, E.S. Polzik, J.I. Cirac. Phys.Rev. A73, 062329 (2006).

    82. Light qubit storage and retrieval using macroscopic atomic ensembles. J. Sherson, J. Fiurášek, K. Mølmer, A. Sørensen, and E.S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. A74, 011802 (2006)

    74. Single-passage read-out of atomic quantum memory. J. Fiurasek, J. Sherson, T. Opatrny, and E.S. Polzik. Phys.Rev. A73, 022331 (2006).

    81. Deterministic atom-light quantum interface. J. Sherson, B. Julsgaard, and E.S. Polzik. Invited Review, Advances in Atomic Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 54, November 2006, Academic Press.

    80. Quantum interface between light and atomic ensembles, E. S. Polzik and J. Fiurasek, ”Lectures on Quantum Information”. Eds. G. Leuchs and G. Bruus, Wiley-VCH, 2005.

    77. Distant entanglement of macroscopic gas samples, J. Sherson, B. Julsgaard, and E. S. Polzik, quant-ph/0408146, in Decoherence, Entanglement and Information Protection in Complex Quantum Systems, (Klüwer, Amsterdam, 2005).

    76. Teleportation and spin squeezing utilizing multimode entanglement of light with atoms. K. Hammerer, E.S. Polzik, J.I. Cirac. Phys. Rev. A   72,052313 (2005).

    75. Conditions for spin squeezing in a cold87Rb ensemble, S R de Echaniz, M W Mitchell, M Kubasik, M Koschorreck, H Crepaz, J Eschner and E S Polzik. J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. 7 S548-S552, 2005.

    73. Quantum information processing and communication - Strategic report on current status, visions and goals for research in Europe. Zoller P, Beth T, Binosi D, et al. Euro. Phys. J. D 36 (2): 203-228, 2005

    72. Multimode entanglement of light and atomic ensembles via off-resonant coherent forward scattering. D. V. Kupriyanov, O. Mishina, I. M. Sokolov, B. Julsgaard, and E.S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. A 71, 032348 (2005).

    71. Quantum benchmark for storage and transmission of coherent states. K. Hammerer, M.M. Wolf, E.S. Polzik, J.I. Cirac, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,150503 (2005).

    70. Diffraction effects in light-atomic ensembles quantum interface. P. Petrov, J.H. Muller, D.Oblak, C. Garrido Alzar, S.R. de Echaniz, and E.S. Polzik, Phys.Rev.A., 71, 033803 (2005).

    69. Quantum noise limited interferometric measurement of atomic noise: towards spin squeezing on the Cs clock transition. D. Oblak, J.K. Mikkelsen, W. Tittel, A.K. Vershovski, J.L. Sorensen,P. Petrov, C.Garrido Alzar, and E.S. Polzik, Phys.Rev. A 71, 043807 (2005).

    68. Experimental demonstration of quantum memory for light. B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J. Fiurášek, J.I. Cirac, and E.S. Polzik, Nature, 432, 482 (2004), Selected for a cover title of the issue. 

    67. Quantum Cloning of a Coherent Light State into an Atomic Quantum

    Memory. J. Fiurasek, N. Cerf, and E.S. Polzik, Phys.Rev.Lett.  93, 180501 (2004).

    66. Light-matter quantum interface. K. Hammerer, K. Mølmer, E.S. Polzik, J.I. Cirac. Phys.Rev. A., 70, 044304 (2004).

    65. Distant entanglement of macroscopic gas samples. J. Sherson, B. Julsgaard and E.S. Polzik,  in Decoherence, Entanglement and Information Protection in Complex Quantum Systems. V. Akulin et al (eds). NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry, Volume 189. Springer, Amsterdam (2005).

    64. Characterizing the spin state of an atomic ensemble using the magneto-optical resonance method. B. Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J.L. Sørensen, and E.S. Polzik, J. of Opt. B: Quantum and Semiclassical Opt. 6, 5 (2004).

    63. Flight of the qubit. E. S. Polzik, Nature 428, 129–130 (2004).

    62. Characterizing the spin state of an atomic ensemble using the magneto-optical resonance method. B.Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J.L.Sorensen and E.S. Polzik. Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics, volume 6, 5 (2003).

    61. Quantum limits encountered in atomic spin measurements. J.L. Sorensen, B. Julsgaard, C. Schori, and E.S. Polzik. Spectrachimica Acta B58, 999 (2003).

    60. Generating a superposition of spin states in an atomic ensemble. S. Massar and E.S. Polzik. Phys.Rev.Lett. 91, 060401 (2003).

    59. Atomic spin as a storage medium for quantum fluctuations of light. B.Julsgaard, C. Schori, J.L.Sorensen and E.S. Polzik, to appear in Quantum Information and Computation (2003).

    58. Entanglement and quantum teleportation with multi-atom ensembles. E.S. Polzik, Julsgaard, J. Sherson, J.L.Sorensen, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, A 361, 1391 (2003).

    57. Quantum noise limited laser probing of atomic spin states. J.L.Sørensen, B.Julsgaard, C. Schori, J. Hald, and E.S. Polzik, Laser Physics 13 (3): 359-367 (2003).

    56. Quantum communication and memory with entangled atomic ensembles. E.S. Polzik, B.Julsgaard, C. Schori, J.L.Sorensen, in The Expanding Frontier of Atomic Physics. Invited talks of the XVIII International Conference on Atomic Physics, eds. H.R. Sadeghpour, E.J.Heller, and D. Pritchard, World Scientific (2003).

    55. Atomic entanglement on a grand scale. E. S. Polzik. Physics World, 15, 33-37, Sept. (2002).

    54. Narrowband frequency tunable source of entangled light. C. Schori, J. L. Sørensen, E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. A, 66, 033802 (2002).

    53. Recording Quantum Properties of Light in a Long-Lived Atomic Spin State: Towards Quantum Memory. C. Schori, B. Julsgaard, J. L. Sørensen, and E. S. Polzik. Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 057903 (2002)

    52. Atomic variable protocols and light-atoms quantum interface.  A. Kuzmich and E.S.Polzik, A chapter in the book “Quantum Information with Continuous Variables”. Ed. S. Brainstein and A.Pati. Kluwer (2003).

    51. Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects. B. Julsgaard, A. Kozhekin, and E. S. Polzik, Nature, 413, 400 (2001).

    50. Experimental quantum key distribution with proven security against realistic attacks. P. M. Nielsen, C. Schori, J. L. Sørensen, L. Salvail, I. Damgaard, and E. S. Polzik. Special Issue: Quantum Communications. Journal of Modern Optics, 48, 1921-1942 (2001).

    49. Mapping a quantum state of light onto atoms. J. Hald and E. S. Polzik.  Special Issue: Quantum Coherence and Entanglement. Journal of Optics B: Quantum and Semiclassical Optics, 3 (1): S83-S92 (2001).

    48. Entanglement transfer from light to atoms. J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, J. of Modern Optics, Special Issue “Fundamentals of Quantum Optics V”. (2000), 47, (14-15) 2599.

    47. Quantum communication between atomic ensembles using coherent light. Lu-Ming Duan, J.I. Cirac, P. Zoller, E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. (2000) 85, (25), 5643.

    46. Atomic quantum state teleportation and swapping. A. Kuzmich and E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. Lett. (2000) 85, 5639.

    45. Quantum memory for light. A. E. Kozhekin, K. Mølmer, E. S. Polzik, Phys. Rev. A. (2000) 62, 033809.

    44. From entangled photons to entangled atoms. E. S. Polzik, J. Hald and J. L. Sorensen. In Quantum Computation, Measurement and Computing II. Ed. P.Kumar, G. Mauro D’Ariano, O. Hirota. Kluwer Academic/Plenum, NY, 2000.

    43. Spin squeezed atoms: a macroscopic entangled ensemble created by light. J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, C. Schori, and E. S. Polzik, (1999), Phys. Rev. Lett., 83, 1319.

    42. EPR-correlated atomic ensembles. E. S. Polzik, (1999), Phys. Rev. A., 59, 4202.

    41. Spectroscopy with non-classical light and non-classical atoms. E. S. Polzik, J. Hald, J. L. Sørensen, (1999), in Spectral Line Shapes, 10, 14th ICSLS, ed. R.Herman, AIP Conf. Proc. 467, p. 267.

    40. Quantum interference in two-photon excitation with squeezed and coherent fields.  Georgiades, N. P., Polzik, E. S., and Kimble, H. J., (1999), Phys. Rev. A., 59, 676.

    39. Unconditional quantum teleportation. A. Furusawa, J. L. Sørensen, S. L. Braunstein, C. A. Fuchs, H. J. Kimble, and E. S. Polzik, (1998) Science, 282, 706, October 23.

    38. Subthreshold tunable optical parametric oscillator - a source of non-classical light for atomic physics experiments. Polzik, E. S., Sørensen, J. L., and Hald, J.  (1998).  Special Issue: Continuous wave OPO’s, Appl. Physics B, 66, 759.

    37. Internally pumped sub-threshold optical parametric oscillator.  Sørensen, J. L., and Polzik, E. S. (1998). Special Issue: Continuous wave OPO’s.  Appl. Physics B, 66, 711.

    36. Quantum noise of an atomic spin polarization measurement.  Sørensen, J. L., Hald, J., and Polzik, E. S. (1998).  Phys. Rev. Lett. , 80, 3487.

    35. Quantum noise of cold atomic spins illuminated with non-classical light.  Hald, J., Sørensen, J. L., Leick, L., and Polzik, E. S.  (1998).  Optics Express, 2, 3.

    34. Spectroscopy on a modulated magneto-optical trap.  Sørensen, J. L., Hald, J., and Polzik, E. S.  (1998).  Optics Lett., 23, 25.

    33. Spin squeezing in an ensemble of atoms illuminated by squeezed light. Kuzmich, A., Mølmer, K., and Polzik, E. S.  (1997).  Phys. Rev. Lett., 79, 4782.

    32. Luminescence properties of KnbO3 crystals.  Grigorjeva, L., Millers, D., Popov, A. I., Kotomin, E. A., and Polzik, E. S. (1997).  Journal of Luminescence, 72-74, 672.

    31. Transient optical absorption in KNbO3 crystals irradiated with pulsed electron beam.  Grigorjeva, L., Millers, D., Kotomin, E. A., and Polzik, E. S. (1997).  Solid State Communications, 104, 327.

    30. Fundamental noise of an atomic spin measurement.  Sørensen, J. L., Hald, J., and Polzik, E. S.  (1997). Journal of Modern Optics, 44, 1917.

    29. High efficiency second harmonic generation with a low power diode laser. Lodahl, P., Sørensen, J., and Polzik, E. S.  (1997).  Appl. Physics B, Rapid Communication, 64, 383.

    28. Squeezing with  for atomic physics and spectroscopy.  Sorensen, J., Hald, J., Erland, J., and Polzik, E. S.  (1997).  Second Order Nonlinearity: From Fundamentals to Applications.  Quantum and Semiclassical Optics, 9, 239.

    27. Atoms as non-linear mixers for detection of quantum correlations at ultrahigh frequencies.  Georgiades, N. Ph., Polzik, E. S., and Kimble, H. J.  (1997).  Phys. Rev. A Rapid Comm., 55, R1605.

    26. Frequency metrology by use of quantum interference.  Georgiades, N. Ph., Polzik,E. S., and Kimble, H. J.  (1996).  Optics Lett., 21, 1688.

    25. Two-photon excitation of three-level atoms in a squeezed vacuum. Edamatsu K., Georgiades N. P., Polzik E. S., Kimble H. J., Parkins A. S. Prog. in cryst. growth and ch. of mat. (1996) 33, 335.

    24. Inhibited light-induced absorption in KNbO3.  Shiv, L., Sørensen, J. L., Polzik, E. S., and Mizell, G.  (1995).  Optics Lett., 20, 2270.

    23. Cavity QED for quantum logic and spectroscopy with non-classical light. Kimble, H. J., Turchette, Q. A., Georgiades, N. Ph., Edamatsu, K., Hood, C., Lange, W., Mabuchi, H., Parkins, A. S., and Polzik, E. S.  Laser Spectroscopy, TWICOLS, M. Inguscio, M. Allegrini, A. Sasso (Eds.), World Scientific, p. 57 (1996).

    22. Quantum measurement in quantum optics. Kimble H. J., Carnal O. , Hu Z., Mabuchi H., Polzik E. S., Thompson R. J., Turchette Q. A. in Fundamental problems in quantum theory. Ann. NY Acad. Sci. (1995), 755, 87.

    21. Quantum optics with strong coupling.  Kimble, H. J., Carnal, O., Georgiades, N., Mabuchi, H., Polzik, E. S., Thompson, R. J., and Torchette, Q. A., in Atomic Physics 14, D. Wineland, C. E. Wieman, & S. J. Smith (Eds.), AIP, no. 323, p. 314 (1995).

    20. Non-classical excitation for atoms in a squeezed vacuum.  Georgiades, N. Ph., Polzik, E. S., Edamatsu, K., Kimble, H. J., and Parkins, A. S.  (1995).  Phys. Rev. Lett., 75,  3426.

    19. Two-photon spectroscopy of the 6S1/2-6D5/2 transition in trapped atomic Cesium.  Georgiades, N., Polzik, E. S., and Kimble, H. J.  (1994).  Optics Lett., 19(18), 1474.

    18. Blue-light induced infrared absorption in KNbO3.  Mabuchi, H., Polzik, E.S., & Kimble, H. J.  (1994).  JOSA B,11(10),2023.

    17. Spectroscopy with non-classical light.  Kimble, H.J., Polzik, E.S., Georgiades, N., & Mabuchi, H., ELICOLS’93AIP Conference Proceedings, 290 (1), 340 (1993).

    16. Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light.  Polzik, E. S. Bulletin of the American Physical Society, 38, no. 3, 1106 (1993).

    15. Atomic spectroscopy with squeezed light for sensitivity beyond the vacuum-state limit.  Polzik, E.S., Carri, J., and Kimble, H.J. (1992).  Quantum Noise Reduction, Special Issue of Applied Physics B 55, 279.

    14. Spectroscopy with squeezed light.  Polzik, E.S., Carri, J., and Kimble, H.J.  (1992).  Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3020.

    13. 85% efficiency for cw frequency doubling from 1.08 microns to 0.54 microns. Ou, Z.Y., Pereira, S.F., Polzik, E.S., and Kimble, H.J. (1992).  Optics Lett. 17, 640.

    12. Effect of coherent blue light on fetal xenotransplants.  Kopyov, O.V., Polzik, E.S., Jacques, D.B., Kimble, H.J., Rand, R.W., and Craft, J.  (1992).   Transplantation Proceedings 24, 549.

    11. Frequency doubling with Potassium Niobate in an external cavity.  Polzik, E. S., and Kimble, H. J.  (1991).  Optics Lett. 16, 731.

    10. Squeezing produced by the n-th harmonic generation inside the laser cavity. Gorbachev, V.N., and Polzik, E.S.  (1990).  Optics Communications 77, 247.

    9. Parametric intracavity conversion of squeezed light.  Gorbachev, V.N., and Polzik, E.S.  (1989).  Soviet Physics JETP 69, 1119.

    8. Polarization moments of higher rank in the noise spectrum of the atomic fluorescence.  Plimak, L. I., and Polzik, E. S.  (1986).  Soviet Physics JETP 63, 514.

    7. Calculation of the hyperfine transition frequency shifts of the ground state of Rubidium.  Zholnerov, V.S., Polzik, E.S., Teplova, S.D., and Chaika, M.P.  (1985).   Optics and Spectroscopy 59, 446.

    6. Non-Gaussian noise component in the emission of a gas in a strong bichromatic electromagnetic field.  Golubev Yu.M., and Polzik, E.S.  (1985).  Optics and Spectroscopy 58, 758.

    5. Secondary emission of atoms in the strong field of a standing electromagnetic wave.  Golubev, Yu.M., and Polzik, E.S.  (1983).  Soviet Physics JETP 58, 276.

    4. Measurement of the polarizability of the 6P1/2 state of Rubidium.  Polzik, E.S., and Chaika, M.P.  (1982).  Optics and Spectroscopy 52, 583.

    3. Magnetic scanning measurement of the Stark shift of the 6P1/2 - 5S1/2 in transition in Rubidium.  Polzik, E.S., and Chaika, M.P.  (1979).  Optics and Spectroscopy 46, 584.

    2. Method of electrical scanning and the estimate for the polarizability of the 6P1/2 state of Rubidium.  Chaika, M.P., Polzik, E.S., and Belov, V.N.  (1977).  Optics and Spectroscopy 45, 836.

    1. Studies of 4s and 3d Levels of Neon using alignment in a discharge. Kazantsev, S.A., and Polzik, E.S. (1976).  Optics and Spectroscopy 41, 645.


    Quantum Information with Continuous Variables of Atoms and Light, G. Leuchs, N. Cerf, and E.S. Polzik, Eds., Imperial College Press, London 2007.


  • Opto-electronic device for frequency standard generation and terahertz-range optical demodulation based on quantum interference. N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, H. J. Kimble

  • US patent number: 5,866,896. Date of patent: February 2, 1999.  

  • Optical detector and amplifier for rf-detection having a position dependent capacitor with    a displaceable membrane. E.S.Polzik et al. US patent number 9.660.721 B2, Date of patent   May 23, 2017.
  • Magnetic field sensing device for high strength magnetic fields and related methods. Patent application filed. 2018.

  • Differential method for detecting eddy currents. Patent application filed. 2019.


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