Linear-response theory of Coulomb drag in coupled electron systems
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We report a fully microscopic theory for transconductivity, or, equivalently, momentum transfer rate, of Coulomb coupled electron systems. We use the Kubo linear-response formalism, and our main formal result expresses the transconductivity in terms of two fluctuation diagrams, which are topologically related, but not equivalent to, the Aslamazov-Larkin diagrams known from superconductivity. Results reported elsewhere are shown to be special cases of our general expression; specifically, we recover the Boltzmann equation result in the semiclassical clean limit, and the memory function results for dirty systems with constant impurity scattering rates. Furthermore, we show that for energy-dependent relaxation times, the final result is not expressible in terms of standard density-response functions. Other results include (i) at T=0, the frequency dependence of the transfer rate is found to be proportional to Ω and Ω2 for frequencies below and above the impurity scattering rate, respectively, and (ii) the weak localization correction to the transconductivity is given by δσWL21∝δσWL11+δσWL22.
|Journal||Physical Review B|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Nov 1995|