Multi-level quantum noise spectroscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • Youngkyu Sung
  • Antti Vepsalainen
  • Jochen Braumuller
  • Fei Yan
  • Joel I-Jan Wang
  • Kjaergaard, Morten
  • Roni Winik
  • Philip Krantz
  • Andreas Bengtsson
  • Alexander J. Melville
  • Bethany M. Niedzielski
  • Mollie E. Schwartz
  • David K. Kim
  • Jonilyn L. Yoder
  • Terry P. Orlando
  • Simon Gustavsson
  • William D. Oliver

System noise identification is crucial to the engineering of robust quantum systems. Although existing quantum noise spectroscopy (QNS) protocols measure an aggregate amount of noise affecting a quantum system, they generally cannot distinguish between the underlying processes that contribute to it. Here, we propose and experimentally validate a spin-locking-based QNS protocol that exploits the multi-level energy structure of a superconducting qubit to achieve two notable advances. First, our protocol extends the spectral range of weakly anharmonic qubit spectrometers beyond the present limitations set by their lack of strong anharmonicity. Second, the additional information gained from probing the higher-excited levels enables us to identify and distinguish contributions from different underlying noise mechanisms. Engineering qubits with long coherence times requires the ability to distinguish multiple noise sources, which is not possible with typical two-level qubit sensors. Here the authors utilize the multiple level transitions of a superconducting qubit to characterize two common types of external noise.

Original languageEnglish
Article number967
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2021

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