Readout of Parafermionic States by Transport Measurements

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Recent experiments have demonstrated the possibility of inducing superconducting pairing into counterpropagating fractional quantum Hall edge modes. This paves the way for the realization of localized parafermionic modes, non-Abelian anyons that share fractional charges in a nonlocal way. We show that, for a pair of isolated parafermions, this joint degree of freedom can be read by conductance measurements across standard metallic electrodes. We propose two complementary setups. We investigate first the transport through a grounded superconductor hosting two interacting parafermions. In the low -energy limit, its conductance peaks reveal their shared fractional charge yielding a three-state telegraph noise for weak quasiparticle poisoning. We then examine the two-terminal electron conductance of a blockaded fractional topological superconductor, which displays a characteristic e/3 periodicity of its zero -bias peaks in the deep topological regime, thus signaling the presence of parafermionic modes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number037703
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number3
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 2022

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