The Carnegie Supernova Project II Observations of SN 2014ab possibly revealing a 2010jl-like SN IIn with pre-existing dust
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We present optical and near-infrared photometry and spectroscopy of the Type IIn supernova, (SN) 2014ab, obtained by the Carnegie Supernova Project II and initiated immediately after its optical discovery. We also study public mid-infrared photometry obtained by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer satellite extending from 56 days prior to the optical discovery to over 1600 days. The light curve of SN 2014ab evolves slowly, while the spectra exhibit strong emission features produced from the interaction between rapidly expanding ejecta and dense circumstellar matter. The light curve and spectral properties are very similar to those of SN 2010jl. The estimated mass-loss rate of the progenitor of SN 2014ab is of the order of 0.1 M-circle dot yr(-1) under the assumption of spherically symmetric circumstellar matter and steady mass loss. Although the mid-infrared luminosity increases due to emission from dust, which is characterized by a blackbody temperature close to the dust evaporation temperature (similar to 2000 K), there were no clear signatures of in situ dust formation observed within the cold dense shell located behind the forward shock in SN 2014ab in the early phases. Mid-infrared emission of SN 2014ab may originate from pre-existing dust located within dense circumstellar matter that is heated by the SN shock or shock-driven radiation. Finally, for the benefit of the community, we also present five near-infrared spectra of SN 2010jl obtained between 450 to 1300 days post-discovery in the appendix.
|Journal||Astronomy & Astrophysics|
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Sep 2020|
- supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: SN 2014ab, supernovae: individual: SN 2010jl, circumstellar matter, CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE, NEUTRAL OXYGEN SPECTRUM, INTERACTING SUPERNOVAE, INFRARED PHOTOMETRY, OPTICAL TRANSIENT, LOW-MASS, NGC 300, EJECTA, STAR, PROGENITOR