Correlating photons using the collective nonlinear response of atoms weakly coupled to an optical mode

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  • Adarsh S. Prasad
  • Jakob Hinney
  • Sahand Mahmoodian
  • Klemens Hammerer
  • Samuel Rind
  • Philipp Schneeweiss
  • Sørensen, Anders Søndberg
  • Juergen Volz
  • Arno Rauschenbeutel

Photons in a nonlinear medium can repel or attract each other, resulting in strongly correlated quantum many-body states(1,2). Typically, such correlated states of light arise from the extreme nonlinearity granted by quantum emitters that are strongly coupled to a photonic mode(2,3). However, unavoidable dissipation (such as photon loss) blurs nonlinear quantum effects when such approaches are used. Here, we generate strongly correlated photon states using only weak coupling and taking advantage of dissipation. An ensemble of non-interacting waveguide-coupled atoms induces correlations between simultaneously arriving photons through collectively enhanced nonlinear interactions. These correlated photons experience less dissipation than the uncorrelated ones. Depending on the number of atoms, we experimentally observe strong photon bunching or antibunching of the transmitted light. This realization of a collectively enhanced nonlinearity may turn out to be transformational for quantum information science and opens new avenues for generating non-classical light, covering frequencies from the microwave to the X-ray regime.

Strongly correlated photon states are achieved using only weak coupling thanks to an ensemble of non-interacting waveguide-coupled atoms and collectively enhanced nonlinear interactions.

TidsskriftNature Photonics
Sider (fra-til)719-722
Antal sider8
StatusUdgivet - 21 sep. 2020

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