In-plane resonant excitation of quantum dots in a dual-mode photonic-crystal waveguide with high beta-factor

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A high-quality quantum dot (QD) single-photon source is a key resource for quantum information processing. Exciting a QD emitter resonantly can greatly suppress decoherence processes and lead to highly indistinguishable single-photon generation. It has, however, remained a challenge to implement strict resonant excitation in a stable and scalable way, without compromising any of the key specs of the source (efficiency, purity, and indistinguishability). In this work, we propose a novel dual-mode photonic-crystal waveguide that realizes direct in-plane resonant excitation of the embedded QDs. The device relies on a two-mode waveguide design, which allows exploiting one mode for excitation of the QD and the other mode for collecting the emitted single photons with high efficiency. By proper engineering of the photonic bandstructure, we propose a design with single-photon collection efficiency of beta > 0.95 together with a single-photon impurity of epsilon < 5 x 10(-3) over a broad spectral and spatial range. The device has a compact footprint of similar to 50 mu m(2) and would enable stable and scalable excitation of multiple emitters for multi-photon quantum applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number025023
JournalQuantum Science and Technology
Issue number2
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2022

    Research areas

  • quantum dot, single-photon source, resonance fluorescence, photonic crystals, photonic integrated circuits, SINGLE, DESIGN, BAND

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