Subradiant states for two imperfect quantum emitters coupled by a nanophotonic waveguide

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Coherent interactions between quantum emitters in tailored photonic structures is a fundamental building block for future quantum technologies, but remains challenging to observe in complex solid-state environments, where the role of decoherence must be considered. Here, we investigate the optical interaction between two quantum emitters mediated by one-dimensional waveguides in a realistic solid-state environment, focusing on the creation, population, and detection of a subradiant state, in the presence of dephasing. We show that as dephasing increases, the signatures of subradiance quickly vanish in intensity measurements, yet remain pronounced in photon correlation measurements, particularly when the two emitters are pumped separately so as to populate the subradiant state efficiently. The applied Green's tensor approach is used to model a photonic crystal waveguide, including the dependence on the spatial position of the integrated emitter. The work lays out a route to the experimental realization of subradiant states in nanophotonic waveguides containing solid-state emitters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number053702
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number5
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2022

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