Jauffred Lab

Part of Experimental Biophysics Lab

We use a multitude of imaging modalities, e.g., confocal scanning and light-sheet microscopy, in combination with measurements of force exertion, and in close collaboration with theoretical physicists, as well as biologists and geologists.

Our research topics extend from biofilm formation to cancer spreading patterns, with a focus on the biophysical aspects of intra-cellular interactions and motility and how they regulate evolutionary dynamics, and vice versa.

Fusion of membrane vesicles using optically trapped plasmonic nanoparticles. Fusion of membrane vesicles using optically trapped plasmonic nanoparticles. Fusion of membrane vesicles using optically trapped plasmonic nanoparticles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HOW SELF-ORGANIZATION PROMOTES HORIZONTAL GENE TRANSFER

Funding: DFF Research Leader Sapere Aude grant (2020-2024), DFF Inge Lehmann grant (2020-2024), and EMBO short-term scholarship.

Collaborators: Sara Mitri (Unil), Namiko Mitarai (NBI), Stanley Brown (NBI).

Postdoc: Open position here: https://employment.ku.dk/faculty/?show=158138

Bacterial biofilms are ubiquitous and associated with quorum sensing, cooperativity, and resistance. Within biofilms, genetic information is exchanged among species from even distantly related taxonomic groups through horizontal gene transfer (HGT). This recombination is promiscuous and ensures that bacteria adjust rapidly to new environmental conditions. Many studies on HGT have focused either on single species or on large-scale genomic analyses. However, research on HGT associated with biofilm and colony-formation that contain a defined group of species in a more natural, yet controlled setting is still extremely rare. Without such research, it is impossible to fully understand the involved mechanisms of HGT in natural multi-species colonies. 

Look up our most recent paper here: 2022.12.16.520725v1

Read more >>

NEW IMAGING MODALITIES FOR PLANT CELL WALL RESEARCH

Funding: DNRF Chair grant.

Collaborators: Staffan Person (PLEN, KU) and Pól Martin Bendix (NBI).

Postdocs: Guillermo Moreno Pescador and Samira Ebrahimi.

This cross-disciplinary initiative combines research strengths in optics, biophysics and biology in aim of constructing new versatile custom-made microscopes. E.g., different super-resolution and fluorescence set-ups, in combination with biophysical tools to address questions in plant cell and cell wall biology.

Possible MSc project: Scattering of light inside plant leaves. Plant leaves use light to drive photosynthesis, which in turn produce the oxygen we breathe, the food we eat and biomaterials. Photosynthesis has therefore been coined the most important biochemical reaction on Earth. The incoming sunlight interacts with the leaf in various ways. In particular, cell walls that surround each and every plant cell are birefringent and thus scatter and reflect light in various ways. The shape of the cells inside of a leaf is therefore important for the paths light take inside the leaf and thus also for the impact of reflected light on photosynthesis. In this project, a student would measure reflected wavelength distributions and intensities across a leaf of a wild-type plant and that of mutants that have changes to their leaf cell morphology. The student would also model paths of light inside a leaf via random walks and place this ion context to various leaf cell shape scenarios. This project thus combine optics, modelling and plant biology in a truly cross-disciplinary endeavor. The project may also extend to incorporate 3D printed models of leaves for outreach activities as engagement exercise.

Read more >>

CANCER CELL MOTILITY

Collaborators: Emma Hammarlund and Veneta Valerieva Gerganova (Lund University)

Therapy resistance in cancer is often linked to the infiltration into the surrounding tissue. For instance, when a subpopulation of tumor cells switches to a migrating phenotype and start collective or individual migration away from the main tumor. This is most often associated with the gain of stem-like properties and the ability to withstand therapy and cause sub-sequent recurrence. In aim of unraveling the strategies of motility, we do dynamic imaging to map trajectories of individual cells in 3D matrices.

Recent paper in Scientific Reports can be found here.

HOW MINERAL-ASSOCIATED BIOFILMS PROMOTE HORIZONTAL GENE TRANSFER

Collaborators: Karina Sand (GLOBE), Nicole Posth (IGN), and Emma Hammarlund (Lund).

As one of the co-founders of the Evolutionary Geobiology Consortium (EGC), I am enquiring the processes and pathways that drive evolution. We are focused on transitions, gene function, organization, cellular communication and the interplay with the physical and chemical environment. With robust control of the physical and chemical environment, we explore how e.g. oxygen, nutrition and stress levels influence cell and community growth, how mineralogy enables evolutionary processes and how element cycling are affected by its close environment. We aim to advance insights – both literally and conceptually – of the processes at the interface between life and the physical environment.

Our approaches cross temporal and spatial scales and we span from the molecular level to large system scales. We apply a range of methods and techniques ranging from fieldwork, carefully controlled lab-scale model systems, molecular interrogations of solid-fluid-molecule/tumor interactions and microbe-microbe relations.

We co-supervise students and encourage our students, associates and employees integrate across our research groups and research infrastructure. The founders have steering group meetings 4 times yearly and we host the annual consortium meeting. You are welcome to reach out if you are interested in joining a meeting or in hearing more about our activities etc. 

Read more >>

 

Joining Exp Biophys Lab as a student

The Niels Bohr institute has many M.Sc. and PhD students. The students are closely attached to the research groups and supervisor and have many social activities for International and Danish students.

If you are interested in studying Biophysics, consider looking at these pages:

 

Joining Exp Biophys Lab with an external grant

We support researchers' applications to international and Danish public and private funding agencies.

If you come with your own funding, you will become a full member of the team with office space, access to IT and admin support, laboratories, and you are expected to contribute to the scientific and social life in the group. Examples of agencies funding research in biophysics in Denmark are Denmarks Independent Research Fund, Villum Foundation, Carlsberg Foundation and the Novo Nordisk Foundation.

Contact us at least 8 weeks in advance of the application deadline in the case of individual post doc stipends and smaller projects (i.e., 1-3 years, under DKK 3M). And at. least 3 months in advance of the application deadline in the case of larger projects.

The sections's faculty will review your request and assess your need for equipment, to ensure that the Institute can adequately house your project and the expected personnel associated with it.

If approved, we can provide considerable support for the application process, for example including budget development, text about the host institution, review of application's science case, and contact with the funding agency if needed.  The Faculty of Science Research Funding Office at the University of Copenhagen also provides support for applications. 

An application budget is developed online using the University's application tool and must be approved by the group leader and the Niels Bohr Institute at least one month before the application deadline.  The budget process also facilitates the conversation about possible co-financing from the Institute or Center, laboratory set-up if needed, and any HR issues that need to be addressed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Students

Navn Titel E-mail
 MSc student glp572@alumni.ku.dk
 MSC student chv625@alumni.ku.dk
Artemis Talliou
 MSc student bsf283@alumni.ku.dk
Nathánaël van den Berg
 MSc student dfv249@alumni.ku.dk

Staff

Name Title Job responsibilities Billede
Søg i Name Søg i Title Søg i Job responsibilities
Cordero, Mireia PhD Fellow Billede af Cordero, Mireia
Garcia Vazquez, Alba PhD Fellow Billede af Garcia Vazquez, Alba
Jauffred, Liselotte Associate Professor Billede af Jauffred, Liselotte
Moreno Pescador, Guillermo Sergio External Researcher Billede af Moreno Pescador, Guillermo Sergio
Sarlet, Adrien Postdoc Billede af Sarlet, Adrien

Liselotte Jauffred

Liselotte Jauffred, Research Leader
E-mail jauffred [at] nbi.dk
Phone +45 25721532

Twitter @jauffred and KU page

OrcID 0000-0002-2223-9464

Experimental Biophysics Lab

We have a number of research facilities which we would also like to use for Research collaboration internationally, Industrial collaboration and Student projects.

More about our research facilities >>