HET seminar: Philip Mannheim

Speaker: Philip Mannheim

Title: Living Without Supersymmetry -- the Conformal Alternative and a Dynamical Higgs Boson

We show that the key results of supersymmetry can be achieved via conformal symmetry instead. We propose that the Higgs boson be a dynamical fermion-antifermion bound state rather than an elementary scalar field, so that there is then no quadratically divergent self-energy problem for it and thus no need to invoke supersymmetry to resolve the problem. To obtain such a dynamical Higgs boson we study a conformal invariant gauge theory of interacting fermions and gauge bosons. The conformal invariance of the theory is realized via scaling with anomalous dimensions in the ultraviolet, and by a dynamical symmetry breaking via fermion bilinear condensates in the infrared, a breaking  in which the dynamical dimension of the composite operator $\bar{\psi}\psi$ is reduced from three to two. With this reduction we can augment the theory with a then renormalizable four-fermion interaction with dynamical dimension equal to four, and can reinterpret the theory as a renormalizable version of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model, with the gauge theory sector with its now massive fermion being a mean-field theory and the four-fermion interaction being the residual interaction. It is this residual interaction and not the mean field that then generates dynamical Goldstone and Higgs states, states that, as noted by Baker and Johnson, the gauge theory sector itself  does not possess. The Higgs boson is found to be a narrow resonance just above threshold, with its width potentially being a diagnostic that could distinguish a dynamical Higgs boson from an elementary one. We couple the theory to a gravity theory, conformal gravity, that is equally conformal invariant, with the interplay between conformal gravity and the four-fermion interaction taking care of the vacuum energy problem.  With conformal gravity being a unitary and renormalizable quantum theory of gravity there is no need for string theory with its supersymmetric underpinnings. With the vacuum energy problem being resolved and with conformal gravity fits to phenomena such as galactic rotation curves and the accelerating universe not needing dark matter, there is no need to introduce supersymmetry for either the vacuum energy problem or to provide a potential dark matter candidate. We propose that it is conformal symmetry rather than supersymmetry that is fundamental, with the theory of nature being a locally conformal, locally gauge invariant, non-Abelian Nambu-Jona-Lasinio theory